A new study based on face-to-face evaluations of potential partners has confirmed some evolution-based theories about human attraction. The findings have been published in Social Psychological and Personality Science.“As someone who studies attraction, I was shocked to find out that almost everything we knew about body attractiveness was based on studies using pictures on screens or, worse still, line drawings that barely resemble real people,” said study author Morgan Sidari of the University of Queensland.“I think anyone who has experienced online dating would agree that attraction based on a photograph can be very different to attraction in person. If you want an illustration of the problem, get a photograph of a person you don’t know on a plain background and try to guess their height — it’s near impossible.” “We know that height is important to attractiveness, so not being able to judge it properly in a study about body attractiveness is an issue. This made me very sceptical about this area of research and got me interested in pursuing it myself.”In the study, 539 first-year psychology students had their body dimensions measured before engaging in round-robin speed dates. The participants were given 3 minutes to interact with an opposite-sex partner. The participants then rated each other’s body, face, personality, and overall attractiveness. The participants also noted whether they would be willing to go on a date with the other person.The speed dates resulted in 2,161 face-to-face interactions, which the researchers then statistically analyzed.Consistent with previous research, men with broader shoulders were rated as having more attractive bodies while women with smaller waists and lower waist-to-hip ratios were rated as having more attractive bodies. Taller men tended to be rated as more physically attractive as well. Surprisingly, this was also true of women.Sidari and her colleagues also found that women viewed personality as more important to overall attractiveness than men.But the researchers observed a wide variation in what was considered attractive.“The main thing to take away from our study is that the relationships we found were weak, which suggests that these body features (e.g. waist, hips) do not determine attractiveness. Importantly though, a trait only needs to give a very small advantage to influence evolution. In this way, the weak relationships we see in our study can give us clues about how male and female body shapes might have evolved,” Sidari told PsyPost.“Though we find significant relationships between these body dimensions and attractiveness, there’s still a huge amount of variation. When I looked at the highest rated female bodies in our sample, they varied wildly on waist-to-hip ratio, even though we’ve always been told that .70 is ‘ideal’. In reality, I think only one of the top 10 had a .70 ratio, and many of them were much less hourglass shaped.”The study — like all research — includes some limitations.“With a speed-dating study we can’t really address the question of how impactful these traits are over time. We can say that we know that these measurements influence people’s first impressions, but not that it has any lasting impact on our likelihood of dating these people,” Sidari explained.“This is something that needs to be addressed but it’s extremely difficult (and expensive) to do these studies over a long time course, so it might take a while!”The study, “Preferences for Sexually Dimorphic Body Characteristics Revealed in a Large Sample of Speed Daters“, was authored by Morgan J. Sidari, Anthony J. Lee, Sean C. Murphy, James M. Sherlock, Barnaby J. W. Dixson, and Brendan P. Zietsch. Share on Twitter LinkedIn Pinterest Share on Facebook Email Share
Australian data show a third of emergency room antibiotics not neededAn observational study in Australia has found that a third of antibiotic prescriptions in an emergency department (ED) were deemed inappropriate, according to a study yesterday in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy.Researchers at Gold Coast University Hospital assessed 1,019 patient presentations that involved an antibiotic prescription in the ED during 4 separate weeks throughout 2016, one each in February, May, August, and November.They determined that 640 antibiotic prescriptions (62.8%) were appropriate, 333 (32.7%) were inappropriate, and 46 (4.5%) were not assessable. Adults were more likely to receive an inappropriate antibiotic prescription than children (36.9% vs. 22.9%). Patients who likely had sepsis-related organ failure were also more likely to be prescribed improper antibiotics (56.7% vs. 36.1%).The researchers found no difference in inappropriate prescribing rates in the ED based on patient gender, hospital admission status, reason for antibiotic administration (treatment vs. prophylaxis), or time of shift (day vs. night).The authors conclude, “With over one in three antibiotic prescriptions in the ED being assessed as inappropriate, there is a pressing need to develop initiatives to improve antibiotic prescribing to prevent antibiotic-associated patient and community harms.”Nov 15 J Antimicrob Chemother study Hospital in China cuts antibiotics markedly after stewardship initiationA single-center study in China reports that, after instituting an antimicrobial stewardship program, the use of antibiotics was cut by almost two-thirds and rates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) dropped dramatically, according to a study today in Epidemiology & Infection.Scientists explored the trends and correlations between antibiotic consumption and resistance of S aureus in a tertiary hospital at Jiaotong University in northwest China from 2010 to 2016. They found that antibiotic use dropped from 951.9 to 346.5 defined daily doses per 1,000 patient-days, a 63.6% reduction. The decrease was statistically significant for several antibiotic classes, including cephalosporins, monobactams, aminoglycosides, imidazole derivatives, and macrolides.The incidence of MRSA among S aureus isolates declined from 73.3% in 2010 to 41.4% in 2017, and the decrease was significantly correlated with lower consumption of several classes of antibiotics. The authors note that, since the end of the study, resistance rates of S aureus have remained significantly reduced, and MRSA rates have dropped even further.Nov 16 Epidemiol Infect study Decade-long study shows high antibiotic consumption in PolandA 10-year study of antibiotic consumption in Poland published yesterday in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control discovered high use of the drugs compared with the rest of Europe, and consumption has climbed 8% since 2007.Study investigators used data from the Healthcare-Associated Infections Surveillance Network within the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), combined with a literature review. They measured consumption in daily doses per 1,000 inhabitants per day (DIDs).They found that antibiotic use nationwide rose from 22.2 DIDs in 2007 to 23.9 in 2016, an 8.3% increase, though down from a high of 26.2 in 2015. That compares with a low of 10 DIDs in the Netherlands and a high of 36 DIDs in Greece, according to ECDC data. The figure places Poland as having the 19th highest consumption rate among 23 European nations.The report also notes that rates of broad-spectrum antibiotic prescribing are also high, at 25.8% of total antibiotics, placing Poland at 16 of the 23 countries. The rate of broad-spectrum prescribing, however, is falling in Poland.The authors say that, although the high rate of antibiotic consumption does not bode well for antibiotic resistance, the 8% increase is much lower than the 36% global increase worldwide in the past decade.The authors conclude, “Since the limited educational activities among physicians and dentists may play an important role in the current antibiotic consumption patterns, integrated actions focusing on appropriate antibiotic prescribing in the pre- and post-graduate training should be instigated and followed up at [the] national level.”Nov 15 Antimicrob Resist Infect Control study Swiss researchers report 7,000 AMR cases, almost 300 AMR deaths a yearSwiss researchers estimate that antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the country cause more than 7,000 illnesses and almost 300 deaths a year, according to a letter in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.To duplicate a study using ECDC data in 2015 for European Union nations, the researchers applied the same methodology to data from the ECDC and the Swiss Centre for Antibiotic Resistance for the same year.They estimated that 7,156 cases of infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria occurred in 2015, including 276 deaths and 7,400 disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) lost. That corresponds to 85.0 cases, 3.3 deaths, and 87.8 DALYs per 100,000 people. The highest proportion of the infections was caused by third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae.Nov 15 Lancet Infect Dis letter
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Mammoet explained that the Focus can be erected vertically in a very small area – 22 m x 22 m for assembly and operation – meaning the machine is suited for projects in busy inner-city areas and congested spaces.Following the announcement of the initial crane concept in 2016 and the development of more detailed designs in 2018, Mammoet confirmed that the concept is finalised and is ready to be launched on the market.In the final design, the upper structure of the crane is on a pedestal, which helps the crane remain stable and lowers ground bearing pressure to less than 10 tons per sq m (9.1 tonnes per sq m).The Focus will utilise a climbing frame to build itself vertically, as opposed to the initial principle of an extension ladder. This is similar to the proven concept of a tower crane.The new design will also include a variable super-lift system, with a radius that can be adjusted from 16 m to 30 m.It is projected that the Focus crane will be available in the second quarter of 2020.www.mammoet.com
POLAND: The modernised Bydgoszcz Główna station was officially opened to passengers at 10.10 on October 10. A new station building with a 3 500 m2 glass façade has been erected, while the historic island platform building has been modernised along with the platforms and subways. The work used 6 400 m3 of concrete and 800 tonnes of steel. ‘Following modernisation, the railway station has become a calling card of the city’, said Mayor Rafał Bruski. The station includes interactive passenger information screens, as well as a dedicated passenger service area, shops and cafés. The 197m złoty investment was undertaken by railway holding company PKP SA, with co-financing from the EU. Although not formally part of the BiT City programme to improve services between Bydgoszcz and Toruń, the work is closely linked with BiT City projects. These include the modernisation of Bydgoszcz Leśna and Bydgoszcz Bielawy stations, construction of a new station at Bydgoszcz Błonie and the 43m złoty modernisation of Toruń Główny station.Kujawsko-Pomorskie voivodship, the city of Włocławek, PKP SA and PKP PLK signed a letter of intent on October 5 to replace the station building in Włocławek and renew rail infrastructure around the station. The investment is expected to total 100m złoty.
Arralis has announced the launch of their new Flat Panel (FP) technology aimed at satellite communication systems. The product is seen as a potential solution for high data rate communication, internet network, deep space exploration, aerospace research and CubeSat platforms as they become increasingly popular. To support various types of commercial ventures and industry needs, Arralis has developed FP technology that allows easy integration with other CubeSat modules.The LE-KaFP30000 flat panel technology, designed by Arralis, is a high-performance solution for modern communication systems. It can be used for satcom as well as 5G comms systems. Offering a small profile and flat geometry, this technology enables wide operational bandwidth, good polarization purity and a modularized design to meet customer requirements. It benefits from fusion bonding technology to provide maximum possible efficiency and minimal power wastage. An 8×8 version was presented at the SATELLITE 2020 show operating in Ka-band with matching bandwidth of 27-30 GHz and 3-dB axial ratio bandwidth of 1.2 GHz. The Axial ratio bandwidth can be increased up the matching bandwidth subject to customer demands.The addition of this latest FP technology to Arralis’ suite of devices allows them to provide a complete communication solution for our customers with all Arralis developed products, harnessing our unique design expertise. They can now provide optimized and tailored solutions for their customers in accordance with their specific requirements, based on their high-performance K/Ka-band Leonis chipset and FP technology.The Leonis chipset was developed to meet the growing demand for low cost K/Ka band satellite equipment, that is simple to interface with current digital internet hardware. Applications include 5G communications, airborne high-speed Wi-Fi, low earth orbit mega constellation communications, drone constellations and SAT-Drone-Ground data networks, satellite to automotive connectivity, connected vehicles, last mile and remote internet solutions, IoT and M2M communications.Arralis was showcasing this product and its range of components at the SATELLITE 2020 event in Washington DC from 10-12 March. The last day of the event on Thursday 12 March was cancelled due to Coronavirus.Click here to see everything RF’s coverage of the SATELLITE 2020 Event.
RelatedFrom the desk of: the Laguna Vista City ManagerSpecial to the PRESS LV Residents and Friends, This is to provide you a brief update on the recently-adopted budget and on upcoming community events and to share information that may be of interest to you. The Town Council adopted the new budget and tax rate at its regular meeting…September 18, 2015In “News”From the desk of the Laguna Vista city managerSpecial to the PRESS LV Residents and Friends, This is to provide you a brief update on upcoming community events and to share information that may be of interest to you. As you read below, please note that work to replace the sewer line, that runs on the center of…May 8, 2015In “News”Ebony Lane paving to resumeBy MARTHA McCLAIN Special to the PRESS Ebony Lane residents in Laguna Vista will begin seeing actual street reconstruction next week, with a targeted completion date of late August, Town officials report. “We anticipate the reconstruction of Ebony Lane from Hibiscus to FM 510 to commence on Monday, Aug. 3. The…August 4, 2015In “News” Special to the PRESSLV Residents and Friends,I am happy to announce the following.Rolando——————Significant Drop in Reportable Crimes in Laguna VistaThe Town of Laguna Vista is proud to announce that the reportable property crimes when compared from last year to this year have dropped 95%. There were 21 reported burglaries in Laguna Vista last year. This year, there were only two and both offenses have been cleared by arrests.Kudos to Police Chief Tony David and the police officers of the Laguna Vista Police Department.Ebony Lane street improvementsThe Town is proud to announce that the reconstruction of Ebony Lane from Hibiscus to FM 510 will be commencing on Monday, August 3.We are asking residents that live on Ebony Lane to be patient while the street improvements are being done to this street. There will be access at all times for police and fire units and for residents to drive in and out of this street. The project should be completed in 30 days.Local Warrant Round Up InitiatedThe Town of Laguna Vista is initiating its own local warrant round up during the months of August and September.The Town of Laguna Vista Municipal Court has hundreds of active warrants it is seeking to clear. Municipal Court officials are encouraging defendants to take advantage of the options being available to settle outstanding warrants immediately. No amnesty is being offered in conjunction with this local warrant round up.Once the arrest period begins August 1, 2015, Laguna Vista officers will aggressively target persons on the warrant list and arrests can take place at any location, including the defendant’s home, school or workplace. Notices are being mailed out by Linebarger Goggan Blair & Sampson, LLP, the Town’s delinquent attorneys, at the end of the month of July to all defendants with active warrants. If a defendant receives a local warrant round up letter, they can either call 1-877-234-9790 or they can drop by the Town of Laguna Vista, 122 Fernandez, Laguna Vista, TX to pay it. Alternatively, fines may also be paid by mail with a money order or cashier’s check.Rolando VelaCity ManagerTown of Laguna Vista122 Fernandez StreetLaguna Vista, Texas 78578Phone: (956) 943-1793Fax: (956) 943-3111Email: email@example.comWant the whole story? Pick up a copy of the Port Isabel-South Padre Press, or subscribe to our E-Edition by clicking here. Share
Say hello to Cleveland’s newest Browns Podcast, The Dawg Pod! Every week, Spencer German and Tim Whalen of NEO Sports Insiders (https://www.neosportsinsiders.com/) will discuss the latest Cleveland Browns news AND invite you to join the conversation. Baker Mayfield made, and lost, his first career start, but what do we make of his performance? Also, how much are the officials to blame for the Browns overtime loss to Oakland? All that, more rookie talk, guessing next week’s headlines and as always weekly picks against the spread. Related Topics2018 Cleveland BrownsAntonio CallawayBaker MayfieldNick ChubbThe Dawg Pod Spencer German
FacebookTwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享A commercial fishing vessel was damaged some time between Tuesday and Wednesday while docked near the City of Kenai dock, in the Kenai River. According to the United Cook Inlet Drift Association (UCIDA), the owner of the vessel left the boat anchored on Tuesday evening and came back the following morning to discover it had been vandalized. UCIDA is asking anyone with information regarding the incident to contact the State Troopers at 262-4453. The vessel, the Freestyle, had all of its windows broken out while anchored near the dock. This is a developing story- check back for updates as they are made available.
Dillon: “Where we live is a beautiful place. We have a variety of things happening in our workforce right now. We’ve had a lot of discussion, not enough though, with each of the communities.” The forum, which is sponsored by the Kenai Peninsula Economic Development District (KPEDD), focuses on industry outlook for the upcoming year. KPEDD works closely with the state and local communities to ensure economic growth throughout the entire Kenai Peninsula. Dillon said that KPEDD is working to partner with local companies, in various industries, to ensure programs and resources are available for individuals to gain the necessary qualifications for jobs that become available. Dillon: “I want to make sure that we have available training and resources on the Kenai in order to ensure that we have a capable workforce up for hire when those jobs become available. “ Tim Dillon, Executive Director of KPEDD: “This is a work in progress, and one of the things that happened when I sat down with the current administration and the borough assembly we talked about where we are as a workforce on the Kenai Peninsula. It’s a huge concern for everyone.” FacebookTwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享The Kenai Peninsula Economic Development District presented their 2019 workforce development plan at the industry outlook forum on January 9, in Homer. One major project Dillon talked about, the Alaska LNG project, which if it were to come to fruition would have the potential of over 10,000 jobs during construction, according to Dillon.